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冬天播种是什么?一个简单的跳跃 - 开始种植种植的指南

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As the short, cold days of winter drag on, slowly lengthening, our fingers itch to dig in warm, crumbly soil again. We flip eagerly throughseed catalogsand longingly inventory the packets left over from last year, tucked into plastic tubs or shoeboxes or old biscuit tins. But we don’t have to stop there; many seeds can be planted right now, in the middle of winter! The practice is called冬季播种,它对我们的空间或设备有限的人来说尤其有用。

空的水壶准备好冬天播种

冬天播种是什么?

冬季播种是姓名的建议:冬季外面的种子。而不是在室内开始种子或等待在最后一次霜冻到外面,冬季播种涉及使用回收的塑料容器作为微型温室,在春天之前在户外种植种子。

因为他们在户外发芽和生长,冬季播种的幼苗往往比在荧光灯下开始的幼苗更强烈而更加强烈。他们不需要淬火;他们已经在未来之外!

Of course, there is a caveat. Winter seed sowing is only suitable for certain plants, specifically those that would naturally overwinter as perennials or self-seeding annuals. However, the same method can be applied to start tender plants a bit earlier than normal; see the “schedule” and “seeds” sections below for more details.

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Winter Sowing How To

那么你究竟在冻结温度外面究竟植物何处?成功的冬季种子播种有几个技巧,一旦你认识他们,你就可以几乎全年花园。所有你需要的是容器,种子开始混合,当然,种子本身(刀子或剪刀,胶带,标签和永久性标记也将有助于方便)。

冬季播种容器

任何清晰或有色的塑料容器,您可以通过看到您的手将承认出现种子的足够光线。它还需要深度足以容纳至少三到四英寸的土壤,以获得健康的根生长。种子起动托盘用透明塑料盖子工作得很好,但你不必出去买它们;您的回收站可能有您需要的内容:

  • milk jugs
  • 两升瓶子
  • 箔片外带容器,盖帽
  • clear plastic clamshells

Get creative! You’re not limited to this list; anything matching the description above will work.

Once you’ve gathered your containers, throw away bottle caps, remove labels, and wash the containers thoroughly.

Punch several drainage holes in the bottom and about a half-inch up the sides of each container. If using soda bottles or milk jugs, you will also need to cut them in half, leaving a one-inch hinge so the bottom and lid remain attached. Takeout containers and clamshells should also have a few holes poked in the lids for ventilation.

Winter sowing schedule

When can you start winter sowing? Typically, winter sowing can begin any time after the winter solstice, though you may have the best results if you adjust slightly for your美国农业部古老地区. In zones 6 and warmer, you can begin in December; in zone 5, in December or January; in zone 4, in January; and in zone 3, in February.

The start date also depends upon the types of seeds you plan on sowing, so you can spread out your winter planting over several months. Begin with perennials and hardy annuals in the first month (December/January/February, depending on your zone), followed the second month by herbs and other plants that require stratification, then frost-tolerant vegetables, and finally tender plants.

当然,这只是让您入门的指南,实验将帮助您确定最佳冬季播种时间表,以满足您的特定不断增长的条件。

冬季播种方法

为获得最佳效果,使用无土灌装混合物开始您的种子。用三到四英寸的灌封混合物填充每个容器,然后加水滋润它 - 土壤应潮湿,不潮湿或涝。如果它太湿了,让它排水一下。

下一个, plant your seeds! Follow the instructions on each seed packet for planting depth and spacing requirements, keeping in mind that you can always thin seedlings that grow too close together.

磁带关闭了任何可能吹开的东西,如牛奶水壶或苏打瓶,你切成豆种植你的种子(使用管带以获得最佳效果)。

别忘了标记种子!否则,您可能最终有一些惊喜来春天和/或难以弄清楚如何移植那些神秘的幼苗。您可以使用永久标记直接在容器上写入,但请注意,它可能会随着时间的推移而褪色。其他选项包括植物标签,冰棒棒或从酸奶杯切割的条带,每一个可以在关闭容器之前粘在土壤的边缘。

将容器放在阳光明媚但受保护的位置,例如在未覆盖的甲板或门廊或篱笆上。阳光很重要,因为它会在微型温室内的空气中加热空气,一旦他们发芽,幼苗就会需要它。

And now you wait.

留在土壤中以确保它不会过于潮湿或干燥。盖子上的凝结表示足够的水分;如果在冻结温度上升的日子上没有凝结,则通过将容器放入水中来浇水以使土壤通过排水孔浸泡水分。如果仍然没有出现冷凝,请尝试在盖子中占据一些通风孔。相反,如果土壤出现涝渍,可以扩大底部的排水孔或增加更多。

As the seedlings grow and temperatures warm toward spring, you will want to add more ventilation. Cut slits in the tops of the containers, widening them every week or two once the first set of true leaves appears.

Eventually, there will be more uncovered space than covered, and the weather will be warm enough for transplanting. Another option is to remove the lids during the day and replace them at night.

移植冬季播种的幼苗

如果您计划在完成时回收集装箱,请切断一侧打开,以便您可以立即将所有幼苗滑出,然后轻轻地将每个人分开,以便通常在花园里种植它。幼苗应该非常耐寒,但尽量不要在这个过程中对他们造成更多的冲击。

If, on the other hand, you would prefer to save the containers to use again next year (assuming you haven’t gouged large slits in the lids), use a spoon or other small, slender tool to gently lift out each seedling. Whichever method you choose, don’t leave the plants in the containers so long that they become rootbound, or you may need to slice them apart.

Best seeds for winter sowing

在选择冬季播种的好候选人时,请仔细阅读种子包或产品描述。任何包含以下单词或短语的人都可以播种:

  • perennial
  • self-sows
  • 殖民地
  • 冻结/冷藏/预热
  • stratify/stratification
  • 在早春播种或冰霜仍然可能发生
  • sow in early autumn
  • direct sow early
  • 耐寒/耐受霜
  • 野花

For examples of specific varieties of vegetables, herbs, and flowers to winter sow, take a look at the following lists. Remember that not all of these can be sown at the same time; refer to the “schedule” section above for a reminder of the four different categories and their planting order.

冬季播种蔬菜

冬季播种蔬菜

  • Alliums (onions, shallots, garlic)
  • 芝麻菜
  • Asian greens
  • 豆子
  • 甜菜
  • Brassicas (broccoli, cabbage, collards, kale, etc.)
  • 萝卜
  • 芹菜
  • Celeriac
  • Chard
  • 玉米
  • 葫芦(黄瓜,葫芦,甜瓜,南瓜,壁球)
  • 莴苣
  • 防风草
  • 豌豆
  • 萝卜
  • 菠菜

Winter sowing herbs

Winter sowing herbs

  • 八角
  • 罗勒
  • 琉璃苣
  • 洋甘菊
  • 细叶芹
  • Chives
  • Cilantro / Coriander.
  • 莳萝
  • 茴香
  • 薰衣草
  • Lemon balm
  • 爱好者
  • Mint
  • Oregano
  • 迷迭香
  • Rue
  • 智者
  • Summer savory
  • 甜蜜的marjoram.
  • 龙蒿
  • Thyme

冬天播种

冬天播种

  • 茴香Hyssop(Agastache Foeniculum.)
  • Blazing star (莱特里斯SP。)
  • 黑眼睛的苏珊(Rudbeckia hirta.)
  • 毯子花(高洁SP。)
  • 蝴蝶杂草(Asclepias tuberosa)
  • 金盏花(金盏花officinalis.)
  • Cock’s comb (CeloSiaSP。)
  • Coneflower(海胆薄膜SP。)
  • 宇宙(宇宙SP。)
  • 魔鬼的小号/月花(曼陀罗SP。)
  • 万寿菊(Tagetes.SP。)
  • Morning glory (Ipomoea purpurea)
  • 喇叭花(PetuniaSP。)
  • Poppy (罂粟科SP。)
  • Snapdragon(AntirrhinumSP。)
  • 向日葵 (直升机SP。)
芝麻菜生长在塑料水壶
屈服:several plants ready to grow

一步一步冬天播种健康,强壮的植物

Prep Time: 30分钟
Active Time: 30分钟
Total Time: 1小时

冬季播种是一种简单而有趣的方式来在冬季中间园艺,当大多数园丁都是令人寒露的时候,但是天气不同的东西。你可以成长,蔬菜,草药和鲜花非常小的投资。

Materials

指示

  1. Gather your containers into your work area
  2. 钻孔进入每个容器的底部
  3. Cut the top half of the container, leaving a small portion to act as a hinge for your mini greenhouse
  4. 将灌封的土壤倒入塑料浴缸中并将其预先磨损(只是抑制它,不要浸泡)
  5. Fill the containers with 3" to 4" of your potting soil
  6. 根据包裹说明植物种子
  7. Label each container (write on the container itself, but also place a plant tag inside the container)
  8. 将容器胶带与管道胶带一起重新配合(确保卸下盖子,让空气和水循环
  9. 把它们放在阳光明媚的地方
  10. 一旦植物开始发芽,留在容器中,以确保它们没有干燥(如果您的植物需要浇水,将容器放入充满水的托盘中,因此土壤可以从底部吸收水分)。
  11. 准备好植物时,将容器打开几天,然后小心地将它们移植到今年的位置。
  12. Enjoy the bounty!

Winter seed sowing is a snap

现在你已经阅读了冬季播种的本指南,即使在一年中最寒冷的月份,你也可以看到自己的种子是多么容易。事实上,您可以在您的种子订单到达时立即开始。此方法,这种方法需要很少的输入:除了种子开始混合和种子本身,您需要的只是您的回收站内容。幸福的种植!

Winter sowing - the cheapest way to start a garden

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